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The role of local authorities in enabling participatory budgeting practices and projects
The practical organisation of a participatory budgeting activity in an urban context requires specific skills and resources for setting and coordinating a public consultation that involves thousands of participants. Managing a Participatory Budgeting process is a complex task that requires scientific and technical resources that administrative offices are not always equipped with – particularly when the scale of the engaged public authority is small. For this reason many cities delegate Participatory Budgeting processes to third parties, such as sub-contractors and providers of services, resulting in significant consequences on the overall political and financial balance of the whole process.
The complexity of managing Participatory Budgeting processes has increased in recent years as a result of growing digitization phenomena. While on one hand the aforesaid simplifies Public Administrations’ internal management procedures, it also encourages resorting to third parties for acquiring new sets of specialised skills and services.
Knowledgeable scholars will guide us through:
- The definition of theoretical management models for PB
- The analysis of main costs and services associated to the delivery of a PB process
- The description of potential contractual models and insights into the configuration of relations between public authorities and third parties
- The analysis of the possible issues related to the externalisation of PB management
- The role of supra-local institutions in activating and consolidating local processes
- This webinar will analyse existing models for managing Participatory Budgeting processes.
A detailed agenda will successively be circulated to all participants.
In view of the upcoming one-year anniversary of the Inclusive Smart Cities Manifesto, the European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC) is organising a series of three webinars to get citizens involved in smart city planning.
#1: Collaborative platforms to enable participatory budgeting initiatives
Wed. 06 December 2017, 12:30-14:30 (CET)
In March 2017, EUROCITIES’ Green Digital Charter and Sharing Cities ‘lighthouse’ programme showcased the approach followed by the cities of Reykjavik and Milan. Watch the recording at http://bit.ly/2mcJf4X.
About participatory budgeting
Participatory budgeting (PB) platforms can be considered as a subset of a larger category of collaborative platforms for social innovations developed and diffused during the last years. Throughthout this session, we will be specifically focusing on platforms and tools purposefully designed for the management of PB processes. Practical cases will be presented, as outlined in the agenda (EIP-SCC Citizen Focus AC webinar_PB first webinar_v04).
More info on participatory budgeting for inclusive smart cities and communities here.
Webinar 2 will be launched in early 2018 targeting the role of city representatives, local authorities and policy-makers in participatory budgeting.
Webinar 3 (planned for spring 2018) will conclude the series with focus on best practices with an overview of strenghts and areas for improvement.
Any inquiry shall be addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org
In view of the upcoming anniversary of the Manifesto on Citizen Engagement (click here) the European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC) ‘Citizen Focus‘ Action Cluster is aiming at continuing the ‘go local’ campaign in order to reach out over a wider range of cities and local communities. For this purpose, we are seeking volunteers to translate the Manifesto document in the following languages:
Bulgarian – Dutch – Croatian – Czech – Estonian – Danish – Finnish – Greek – Hungarian – Latvian – Lithuanian – Polish – Romanian – Slovak – Slovenian – Swedish
WE NEED YOU!
Your contribution would support us in disseminating the Manifesto principles across more difficult to reach areas, such as remote and rural zones, where local communities are not always involved in the change brought by digitalisation. Futhermore, your involvement would enhance local engagement and participation in the Manifesto-related activities (to name one: the ‘Ambassador Cities‘ initiative).
Should you be interested in contributing to our dissemination efforts by translating the Manifesto in one of the listed languages, please contact the management team via email at email@example.com or Roberta.Maio@pwc.com.
The Manifesto was the outcome of a co-creation experiment that has seen more than 50 stakeholders engaged and actively contributing to shape its contents. It was launched on 23 November 2016, during the Conference Inclusive Smart Cities: A European Manifesto on Citizen Engagement by the Citizen Focus Action Cluster of the EIP-SCC.
It primarily fosters knowledge sharing of best practices and collaboration on the co-creation of models that use innovative solutions for ameliorating the civil society, with a particular focus on weaker and excluded categories. In so doing, it calls for commitment towards the improvement of the quality of life by tailoring city measures on citizens’ needs. It particularly urges cities to adopt inclusion policies to educate both city officers and citizens on this matter, to set up collaborative models, to enhance digital literacy, to promote open science and open data as well as to seek cooperation with other cities to strengthen the Smart Cities Network.
To date, the Manifesto has been endorsed by more than 120 private and public sector representatives, reaching multiple European and international stakeholders. It is currently available in six languages, namely French, Italian, Portuguese, German, Russian and Spanish and counting on your contribution, we hope to ensure wider linguistic coverage in the next months.
Twelve smart city projects covering almost 60 cities across Europe came together at the 7th Smart City Expo World Congress (SCEWC) in Barcelona from 14-16 November – the biggest edition to date –to show how cities are leading the way in driving sustainable and smart innovation.
Under the conference theme ‘Empower Cities, Empower People’, these smart city projects, also known as Lighthouse city projects, presented how they are putting smart technologies to the test, and how these work in practice when it comes to reducing environmental impact and improving citizen’s lives.
‘The Lighthouse Projects Stand’ was part of the three-day international event on smart cities at the Fira de Barcelona’s Gran Via venue which gathered 700 cities worldwide as well as 675 exhibitors and 420 speakers.
The Stand hosted a number of discussion sessions, ranging in topic from district heating solutions to smart waste collection, providing an opportunity to share experiences of mobilising the public sector, business communities, civil society and academia in the creation of smart cities and regions.
The twelve projects have all received funding through the EU’s Horizon 2020 framework programme as part of the EU’s long term ambition to create a low-carbon economy and ensure continued competitiveness in the global market.
Head of Unit for new energy technologies and innovation at the European Commission, Andreea Strachinescu said: “Innovation drives Europe’s competitiveness and is the best way to transition to a low-carbon economy. Thanks to these projects and partnerships, high efficiency heating and cooling systems, smart metering, real-time energy management, or zero-energy buildings neighbourhood solutions can be tested and shared with other European cities.”
The European Innovation Partnership for Smart Cities and Communities, also featured at the stand, was launched in 2012 by the European Commission to support the development urban technology solutions in and energy, transport and ICT and stimulate their uptake to enable the transition to a more sustainable Europe.
In a discussion published on the new version of the EIP-SCC website, Graham Colclough (UrbanDNA) makes an attempt to answer a critical question for the ‘smart city’ market and yet, one that is quite impossible to get an easy answer to: How much does an urban data platform cost?
For the full article, click here.
What matters for us in this article are the definitions of ‘smart city’ concepts as used and understood within the European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC), and in particular in its Action Cluster working on ‘Urban Platforms’.
Those definitions are being relayed in italics below and this article goes beyond them, to investigate the deeper costs (or societal challenges) that can be brought about by urban data platforms.
An ‘Urban Platform’ is …
… the implemented realisation of a loigcal architecture/design that brings together (we say “integrates”) data flows within and across city systems
… and exploits modern technologies (sensors, cloud services, mobile devices, analytics, social media etc)
… providing the building blocks that enable cities to rapidly shift from fragmented operations to include predictive effective operations, and novel ways of engaging and serving city stakeholders
… in order to transform, in a way that is tangible and measurable, outcomes at local level (e.g. increase energy efficiency, reduce traffic congestion and emissions, create (digital) innovation ecosystems, efficient city operations for administrations and services).
Why does Europe need harmonised standards for smart cities? Read the full interview with Dita Charanzová, a Czech MEP and vice-chair of the European Parliament’s Internal Market Committee, published on euractiv.com.
‘City Data’ is that which is held by any organisation – government, public sector, private sector or not-for-profit – which is providing a service or utility, or is occupying part of the city in a way that can be said to have a bearing on local populations and the functioning of that space.
This initial part of the definition brings the question of data ownership. Who owns the data collected in smart cities? What impact on citizens’ privacy? On this issue, the European Parliament published in September 2015 a study for the LIBE committee untitled ‘Big Data and Smart Devices and Their Impact on Privacy’.
It can be static, near-real time or in the future, real time, descriptive or operational.
Further, in the future, data will be to a greater extent generated by individual citizens and this too (with due consideration to privacy and a strong trust framework) can be considered city data.
What can cities do to protect privacy?
While acknowledging that urban data platforms are engines for more efficient urban governance (in the area of energy and mobility especially), good governance implies the adoption of a clear data management scheme, in line with EU rules.
In Europe, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is the new EU legal framework on data privacy and security which attempts to deal with these challenges, adopted in April 2016. A dedicated portal has been created to prepare all actors collecting, processing and storing data in Europe, and that of European citizens. Visit the GDPR portal at http://www.eugdpr.org/
Earlier this year, the Green Digital Charter (GuiDanCe project) organised a webinar on ‘Data management and citizens’ privacy in smart cities’ and open governance. The speakers were Daniel Sarasa (Zaragoza City Council) and Antonio Kung (EIP-SCC ‘Citizen Focus’ Action Cluster on the implementation of the GDPR).
. You can watch the recording at http://bit.ly/2omBDO1.
This article is an extract from the original article published on buildup.eu (http://www.buildup.eu/en/node/54611).
Beginning in October 2017, IRIS, a new EIP-SCC project, will harness user-demand driven energy and mobility services; encourage more collaborative and effective urban planning and governance; as well as validate business model and technical innovations to fuel smart sustainable city aspirations across the continent.
These initiatives will be lead by lighthouse cities of Utrecht (NL, Project Coordinator), Gothenburg (SE) and Nice Côte d’Azur (FR) and their follower cities Vaasa (FI), Alexandroupolis (GR), Santa Cruz de Tenerife (ES), and Focsani (RO). Each city will draw upon a mix of universities and research organisations, local authorities, innovation agencies and private expertise to accelerate entire communities to adopt ambitious energy, mobility and ICT initiatives.
All three ‘lighthouse’ cities are signatories of the Green Digital Charter. Together, they will deliver on a key commitment: working together to promote the best applications and results of ICT solutions. Read the full text of the Charter here.
5 key challenges
- Energy positive districts
- Smart energy management
- Smart e-mobility
- Digital city innovation platform
- Citizen engagement and co-creation
Across all seven city locations, IRIS will work to apply their own winning mix with an ‘Open innovation’ approach embodied by the use of FIWARE to encourage professional collaboration and unlocking the collective intelligence of communities with co-creation techniques. At a European level, this open approach will ensure IRIS plays a proactive and full role in supporting the work of the nine existing SCC projects currently representing nearly 50 cities, as well as other projects and horizontal initiatives joining the smart cities community and thematic European Innovation Partnership.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No 774199
The annual General Assembly of the EIP-SCC will be held in Brussels on Thursday 12 October 2017, with a clear focus on stimulating joint investments in the smart city market, building towards a coordinated plan to make that real in the market at scale.
Cities, industrial players, investors and financiers of smart cities and communities projects will be joined by Commissioners from the sectors concerned, who will be actively involved in the debate to share their thoughts and to help making the Marketplace the arena where smart solutions are developed and implemented in European cities.
“Towards a Joint Investment Programme for Smart Cities” summarises the goal for the General Assembly: to stimulate scale deployment of digital solutions in all sectors involved in the Marketplace.
Number of seats are limited. As such, registrations will go through a validation process. After registering here, your participation will be confirmed in two steps:
- Your participation to the General Assembly will be advised in the week following registration submission,
- if you have shown an interest to attend one of the Marketplace’s breakfast (limited to 100 participants), your participation will be advised by mid-September
Some questions? Please contact EIP-SCC@mci-group.com
The European Commission continues its commitment to the European Innovation Partnership for Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC Market Place), through the sponsorship of DG Energy, DG Move and DG Connect.
On 21 September (an equinox day!), the EIP-SCC Action Cluster on Sustainable Districts and Built Environment is co-organising with the Tampere Smart City Program an exceptional field-visit of Tampere’s smart districts:
- The EU Gugle ‘deep-retrofitting’ project >> see Tampere’s profile at http://eu-gugle.eu/pilot-cities/tampere/
- The Vuores eco-efficient district, featuring nature-based solutions
- The Härmälänranta ‘near-zero energy’ district
Full agenda : TAMPERE EIP-SCC field visit invitation
Please note that travel and accommodation must be covered by participants.
Share your interest in participating to the field-visit ideally by 14 September at https://goo.gl/forms/Hf69hvSu05AOOZFz1
Register to MINDTREK, Tampere annual smart city event (20-21 September 2017)
Smart Tampere Program by the City of Tampere was launched at Mindtrek last year. At the same period last year (18 October), Anna-Kaisa Ikonen, mayor of Tampere, signed the Green Digital Charter at a ceremony organised alongside the EUROCITIES mobility and knowledge society forum meeting. [read more at http://bit.ly/2vLlvfV].
Consisting of workshops, inspiring speeches and lightning talks, the Smart City Event at Mindtrek focuses this year on themes such as Smart Mobility, Digital Learning, Smart Lighting and City of Things. Special emphasis is put on the citizen’s perspective.
Agenda and registration are available at http://www.mindtrek.org/2017/smart-city-event-tampere/. Benefit from early-bird tickets (-10%) until 20 August!
- More useful information about Tampere smart city at http://smarttampere.fi/news
- Tampere’s GDC profile : http://bit.ly/GDC-Tampere
The Action Cluster for Integrated Infrastructures of the EIP-SCC (European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities) is currently collecting responses to their 5 minutes survey on the ‘Humble Lamppost’ initiative.
The initiative, which aims to offer more efficient and affordable lighting services by upgrading 10 million smart lampposts in European cities both in the means of LED lamppost infrastructure and smart services operating it, now gathers opinions, experiences and vision of cities in regards to the smart lighting.
The contributions will help to increase both scale and the pace of adoption of the ‘Humble Lamppost’ goal. You can take part in the survey until Monday 31 July 2017. In case of any questions about the questionnaire, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
On 28-29 September, Heraklion will host the second annual Smart Blue City Euro-Mediterranean conference on ’Smart, inclusive and resilient small and medium-sized cities and island communities in the Mediterranean: exploring current research paths and experience-based evidence’.
Combining a scientific conference with an exhibition, the event will bring together city and regional authorities with representatives of industry, SMEs, academics, and professionals to discuss smart solutions to the challenges faced in the region and to explore new market opportunities.
The conference is organised in the frame of the EIP-SCC ‘Smart Cities in the Mediterranean’ strategic partnership (SMART-MED action cluster).
It will focus on areas where ICTs, energy and mobility policies overlap, and will seek to identify transferable solutions.
The EIP Smart Cities and Communities Market Place is delighted to announce its upcoming General Assembly to be held on the 21st May in Berlin (Germany), at the Metropolitan Solutions Trade Fair 2015.
The event is addressed to all the partners of the Action Clusters of the Market Place, allowing them to contribute to the discussions on their objectives and potential work plans.
However, there will be a public session in the morning open to general public during which the latest developments and plans for the Partnership will be presented.
The registration form is already open.