- Green Digital Charter
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Currently viewing the tag: "data management"
As from May 2018, the new EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will take effect and impact all EU cities, asked to appoint a data protection officer (DPO) and to implement a series of new rules and practices. Sharing good practices related to the implementation of the GDPR has been identified as a priority in the frame of the Data Working Group of EUROCITIES’ Knowledge Society Forum.
More information on https://www.eugdpr.org/
To support GDC signatory cities and KSF member cities in understanding the implication of the new privacy rules in the EU, the GuiDanCe project,supporting the implementation of the Charter for the period 2015-2018, organised a technical workshop untited ‘the GDPR demystified‘ on Monday 22 January 2018 in Brussels. [see the call for participation here]
This training was designed to help cities’ data experts to understand the concepts and processes necessary for the data management chain within a city administration to deal with citizens’ privacy while delivering smart services.
The workshop was delivered by Antonio Kung (chair of the EIP-SCC initiative ‘citizen approach to data: privacy-by-design) and Antony Page (GDPR lead for the H2020 Smart Cities & Communities project Sharing Cities).
21 participants from 13 cities learned how to conduct a privacy impact assessment (P.I.A) based on four specific and concrete use-cases presented by four volunteering cities:
- A specific application (smart energy sensors in social housing) by the Royal Borough of Greenwich, London;
- A specific application (using non-motorised traffic metrics for optimizing traffic flow, by the city of Eindhoven;
- The general case of open data, by the city of Espoo;
- The general case of building a roadmap for GDPR compliance, by the city of Barcelona.
Among the observations and recommendations produced by the session: the need for trusted party audit – the challenge of handing consent for collecting personal data before the anonymisation process – the linkability issue of collected dataset with other datasets – the impact on city administration…
Read more in the executive-summary_GuiDanCe GDPR training January 22 2018 Bruxelles
In a discussion published on the new version of the EIP-SCC website, Graham Colclough (UrbanDNA) makes an attempt to answer a critical question for the ‘smart city’ market and yet, one that is quite impossible to get an easy answer to: How much does an urban data platform cost?
For the full article, click here.
What matters for us in this article are the definitions of ‘smart city’ concepts as used and understood within the European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC), and in particular in its Action Cluster working on ‘Urban Platforms’.
Those definitions are being relayed in italics below and this article goes beyond them, to investigate the deeper costs (or societal challenges) that can be brought about by urban data platforms.
An ‘Urban Platform’ is …
… the implemented realisation of a loigcal architecture/design that brings together (we say “integrates”) data flows within and across city systems
… and exploits modern technologies (sensors, cloud services, mobile devices, analytics, social media etc)
… providing the building blocks that enable cities to rapidly shift from fragmented operations to include predictive effective operations, and novel ways of engaging and serving city stakeholders
… in order to transform, in a way that is tangible and measurable, outcomes at local level (e.g. increase energy efficiency, reduce traffic congestion and emissions, create (digital) innovation ecosystems, efficient city operations for administrations and services).
Why does Europe need harmonised standards for smart cities? Read the full interview with Dita Charanzová, a Czech MEP and vice-chair of the European Parliament’s Internal Market Committee, published on euractiv.com.
‘City Data’ is that which is held by any organisation – government, public sector, private sector or not-for-profit – which is providing a service or utility, or is occupying part of the city in a way that can be said to have a bearing on local populations and the functioning of that space.
This initial part of the definition brings the question of data ownership. Who owns the data collected in smart cities? What impact on citizens’ privacy? On this issue, the European Parliament published in September 2015 a study for the LIBE committee untitled ‘Big Data and Smart Devices and Their Impact on Privacy’.
It can be static, near-real time or in the future, real time, descriptive or operational.
Further, in the future, data will be to a greater extent generated by individual citizens and this too (with due consideration to privacy and a strong trust framework) can be considered city data.
What can cities do to protect privacy?
While acknowledging that urban data platforms are engines for more efficient urban governance (in the area of energy and mobility especially), good governance implies the adoption of a clear data management scheme, in line with EU rules.
In Europe, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is the new EU legal framework on data privacy and security which attempts to deal with these challenges, adopted in April 2016. A dedicated portal has been created to prepare all actors collecting, processing and storing data in Europe, and that of European citizens. Visit the GDPR portal at http://www.eugdpr.org/
Earlier this year, the Green Digital Charter (GuiDanCe project) organised a webinar on ‘Data management and citizens’ privacy in smart cities’ and open governance. The speakers were Daniel Sarasa (Zaragoza City Council) and Antonio Kung (EIP-SCC ‘Citizen Focus’ Action Cluster on the implementation of the GDPR).
. You can watch the recording at http://bit.ly/2omBDO1.
Wednesday 26 April
14:00 – 15:00 CEST (Brussels time)
Thanks to smartphones and apps, Internet of Things (IoT) devices, networks and sensors deployed throughout public spaces, cities are collecting vast amounts of data beneficial for the ‘public good’. This data enables municipalities to develop better-informed decision-making and improve public services (waste management, traffic prediction, energy efficiency).
This webinar intends to show how data management processes by city administrations and use of privacy-by-design standards are key to build trust and resilience in smart cities and open data.
- Daniel Sarasa (Smart City Program Manager’, Zaragoza City Council) will present his “Guidelines for urban big data sharing” (*full text available here*).
Co-author of ‘Zaragoza’s Open Government Strategy 2012-2015’, Daniel collaborates with EUROCITIES on various smart city initiatives and projects.
Zaragoza received the Green Digital Charter (GDC) 2016 Award on ‘Citizen Engagement and Impact on Society’ for the Zaragoza Citizen Card (watch the interview) and contributed to the CITYkeys project
- Antonio Kung (CTO, Trialog) will bring his expertise how privacy management should be integrated in smart cities.
Partner in the EIP-SCC ‘Citizen Focus’ Action Cluster, Antonio is leading the initiative on ‘Citizen-Centric Approach to Data – Privacy by Design’. Antonio chaired a series of workshops aiming at defining measures supporting the implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).
Download/preview the presentation: Data management in smart cities – protecting citizens privacy Trialog Antonio Kung
This webinar is part of GDC/GuiDanCe series of webinars on Citizens in Smart Cities. It is co-organised with the ESPRESSO project, currently developing a conceptual Smart City Information Framework based on open standards.